Barbazanges Gallery

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BARBAZANGES GALLERY


The Galerie Barbazanges was an art gallery in Paris that exhibited contemporary art between 1911 and 1928. The building was owned by the wealthy fashion designer, Paul Poiret, and the gallery was used for Poiret's "Salon d'Antin" exhibitions. The gallery showed the work of artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Gauguin, Matisse, Chagall, Dunoyer de Segonzac, Boussingault, Moreau and Dufy, Utrillo, Goncharova, Modigliani, Chagall, Zadkine, Coubine, de La Fesnaye, etc.

In 1911 Henri Barbazanges rented part of the property at 109 Rue du Faubourg Saint Honoré from his friend, the fashion designer Paul Poiret, and opened the Gallery Barbazanges with financial assistance from L. C. Hodebert. The gallery would exhibit contemporary art. The building was beside Poiret's eighteenth century mansion at 26 Avenue d'Antin. The Galerie Barbazanges leased the ground floor, with a total area of about 250 square metres (2,700 sq ft). Behind the front room there were a number of smaller rooms leading to a 70 square metres (750 sq ft) room without windows, but with a glass roof 5.5 metres (18 ft) high. This large back room may have been built by Barbazanges when he took control in 1911. A door was made between Poiret's mansion and one of the rooms of the gallery.

In February and March 1912, Robert Delaunay's first personal exhibition was held, during which 41 works, including four views of the Eiffel Tower, were exhibited. Marie Laurencin also exhibited some of her works.

Poiret reserved the right to hold two exhibitions each year. One of these was L'Art Moderne en France from 16–31 July 1916, organized by André Salmon. Salmon gave "26 Avenue d'Antin" as the address and called the exhibition the "Salon d'Antin". Artists included Pablo Picasso, who showed Les Demoiselles d'Avignon for the first time, Amedeo Modigliani, Moïse Kisling, Manuel Ortiz de Zárate, and Marie Vassilieff. Poiret also arranged concerts of new music at the gallery, often in combination with exhibitions of new art. The 1916 Salon d'Antin included readings of poetry by Max Jacob and Guillaume Apollinaire, and performances of work by Erik Satie, Darius Milhaud, Igor Stravinsky, and Georges Auric. Satie's Musique d'ameublement (furniture music) was performed in public for the first time at the gallery on 8 March 1920 during intermissions of a play by Max Jacob.

Henri Barbazanges worked mainly as an art dealer and supplied many European museums. In 1912, the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum bought Auguste Renoir's 1868 painting of The Sisley Couple.

In 1919, he bought from Gustave Courbet the painting The studio of the painter which he sold at the Louvre a year later and which is now in the Musée d'Orsay. In 1919, he bought The self-portrait of Paul Gauguin with halo and snake from François Norgelet. The painting was later acquired by Lord Ivor Charles Spencer Churchill. In 1924, he and his colleague Georges Bernheim acquired the entire studio collection of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who died in 1919. Many other paintings, such as the self-portrait of Vincent van Gogh from 1887 (oil on canvas, 47 cm x 35, 5 cm), passed in his hands.


In 1923 Pierre Matisse, son of Henri Matisse and Amélie Parayre, came to work at the gallery to gain experience in the art market before moving to New York in 1924. In March 1923 Raoul Dufy and Jean Émile Laboureur organized the first Exposition du Groupe des peintres-graveurs indépendents at the gallery. A second exhibition of this group was held in 1924. Another of Poiret's exhibitions, also organized by Salmon, was La Collection particulière de M. Paul Poiret, from 26 April to 12 May 1923.

Barbazanges retired in 1923, but Hodebert continued to run the gallery under the original name. Advertisements in 1926 also called it the Galerie Barbazanges-Hodebert. In the spring of 1928 the gallery moved to 174 Rue du Faubourg St. Honoré, where the Galerie Camille Hodebert had been open since 1922. In 1929 this gallery was called the Galerie L.C. Hodebert. In January 1929 Hodebart transferred the space of the former Galerie Barbazanges to Georges Bernheim. It housed the Galerie Heim from the 1950s, which specialized in old master paintings.


Exhibitions

1911: 7 April – 2 May. Exposition de céramiques persanes de miniatures et manuscrits organized by The Persian Art Gallery of London.
1912: 28 February – 13 March. First major exhibition of Robert Delaunay, with 46 works from his early impressionist days to his most recent Paris cityscapes and cubist depictions of the Eiffel Tower. The work of Marie Laurencin was also shown in this exhibition.
1916: 16–31 July. L'Art Moderne en France – Salon d'Antin organized by André Salmon.
1917: Les Peintres de la guerre au camouflage – Fauves group.
1919: June–July. Works by Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova
1919: 10–30 October. Paul Gauguin Exposition d'oeuvres inconnues
1919: 1–15 December. Exposition Abel Truchet. Program preface by Frantz Jourdain.
1919: 19 December – 10 January 1920. Les maitres anglais, 1740–1840 : exposition de pastels, aquarelles et dessins
1920: 17 June – 4 July. Second exhibition of La Jeune Peinture française, an Amedeo Modigliani retrospective
1921: Exposition des eaux-fortes, bois gravés, lithographies et dessins de Bernard Naudin.
1921: 15–31 January. 3e Exposition de la Société des Artistes Animaliers, peintres, sculpteurs, graveurs : rétrospective, oeuvres d'Auguste Lançon.
1922: 28 January – 25 February. Exposition d'art irlandais.
1922: 17–31 March. Auguste Brouet. Son oeuvre. First exhibition in France.
1922: 3–19 April. Sculpture en taille directe et tapisserie : first exhibition organized by the review La douce France. Program preface by Emmanuel de Thubert.
1922: 17–31 November. Le Sport dans l'art : Art ancien et moderne, peinture, sculpture, gravure, architecture etc. With Henri Matisse, André Dunoyer de Segonzac, Raoul Dfy and Maurice de Vlaminck
1922: 1–16 December. Exposition Michel Simonidy.
1923: 15–28 February. Exhibition of work by Conrad Kickert. This was the artist's first solo exhibition in France, and received positive reviews. Before the end of the show it was announced that the state had purchased Le Pot chinois for the Musée du Luxembourg.
1923: 17–31 March. 1e Exposition du groupe des peintres-graveurs indépendants.
1923: 4–25 April. Third exhibition of La Jeune Peinture française
1923: 26 April – 12 May. Art collection of Paul Poiret. Much of this would be auctioned in November 1925 at the Hôtel Drouot due to Poiret's bankruptcy.
1923: 17–31 May. Sculpture en taille directe, tapisserie fresque : second exhibition organized by the review La douce France. Program preface by Emmanuel de Thubert.
1924: 2–15 January. Early works of Maurice Utrillo from the period 1910–14.
1924: Fourth exhibition of La Jeune Peinture française
1924: 17–30 December. Work by Marc Chagall.
1925: 6–21 February. Sculptures and watercolors by Ossip Zadkine
1925: 3–17 March. Paintings and drawings by André Léveillé.
1925: 2 – 23 May 1925. Le Maroc : peintures et bas-reliefs de Bernard Boutet de Monvel. Program preface by Jérôme Tharaud and Jean Tharaud.
1925: 16–29 November. Paintings by Othon Coubine.
1925: Fifth exhibition of La Jeune Peinture française.
1925: Exhibition of tapestries by Raoul Dufy
1925 3–19 December. Exposition d'un Groupe de Fémmes Peintrés Françaises, including work by Marie-Alix, Fernande Barrey, Chériane, Marguerite Crissay, Hermine David, Suzanne Duchamp, Geneviève Gallibert, Marguerite Lemaire Ghy-Lemm, Irène Lagut, Marie Laurencin, Marguerite Matisse, daughter of Henri Matisse), Hélène Perdriat, Valentine Prax and Jeanne Rij-Rousseau
1926: April. Works by Francis Picabia.
1926: November–December. Retrospective of Roger de La Fresnaye.
1926: Works by José Fioravanti.
1926: 18 – 30 May. "Exposition des Oeuvres de Roberto Ramaugé".
1928: 6 – 21 January. Peintres normands : 3e exposition. De Nicolas Poussin à nos jours.
1928: 23 March – 14 April. Solo exhibition of Amédée Ozenfant.
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